Niger is West African country with a characteristic climate geology, flora and fauna. It encompasses an area of 53485 sq. Km. with a total forest area of more then 3.5 million hectare. The people of the state are poor, partly because of predominance of subsistence agriculture and small land holdings. Poor industrial and economic development has led to lack of employment opportunities. Rural communities are dependent on natural resources for variety of Uses. The most of the people are poor & also lack of career opportunities. This lack of career making decision is mostly in women/girls due to this lack career related knowledge they are more inclined towards household work only. There is generally a lack of career guidance provision for students in school education.
By the most they generally do simple graduation or post graduation. This provides those degrees and knowledge but not a strong career. In absence of career information & counselling we can see a big gap between the women of Niger and their future in career.
Therefore to fill this gap it is compulsory to provide them proper career counselling. For this it is required to start some career guidance programmes in the schools of country. So that young boys and girls can seek benefit from it. In the state girls hesitate in taking other subject in their degree level due to lack of proper knowledge about the subject. They are getting the traditional education in themselves, and now it is their mind set that it will work for them.
To improve career guidance for young people, career counselling services should be established in upper secondary schools for young people. There are challenges in meeting gaps in access, and in improving the nature, level and quality of services. In schools, the principal challenges are: to provide sufficient human and capital resources of the right type, both within the school and within its surrounding community; to ensure that these resources are dedicated to career guidance; and to make the best use of the resources that are available. Gaps in access are particularly evident in rural schools and in the girls of secondary school.
Therefore this is a big challenge to not only for provide them career counselling but first do their mind set change also that, education not stop here, but has spread its wings in all the areas of society.
Career Guidance for Dropouts
The heterogeneous nature of the adult population presents a range of challenges to policymakers. A significant number of young people leave school early, without qualifications. They need programmes in the community to help them make transitions to the working world and to re-engage with further learning.
Career guidance is seen as having a key role in preventing inflows into unemployment, particularly long-term unemployment. Career guidance services within the domain of education in Nizer are yet to be developed. Strong collaboration strategies, between the private and community-based guidance services, and with local education and training institutions, can enable unemployed persons to make transitions to employment and to re-engage with learning.
About Implementing Organization
Centre of Integrated Training and Development aims at to become a premier institution of training, learning and career guidance in Nizer using excellence in training, teaching, action research and community development, CITD is recognizes its stakeholders beyond its boundaries.
CITD’s aim at not only to impart good and industry market linked skill trainings & knowledge to the students but also to nurture them to improve their employability.
Apart from the regular training activity the Institute is extends to focus on all round development of the youth of Nizer by providing them necessary career counselling, skill training and development of entrepreneurship among them to start their own micro enterprises etc. It emphasis giving self employment education especially to the women of hilly areas, where due to lack of adequate knowledge about job markets, women take more interest in traditional academic education, which as a result hardly benefit them for employment.
Therefore to provide them exposure on various self employment opportunities. The proposed Project intends to organize Career Counselling Fairs, setting up Career counselling Centres and services of Carrier Counsellor’s, & Development of various resource materials on various employment related activities.
Project : Economic empowerment of youth and adolescents by facilitating them with Career counselling services to enhance their Knowledge and Attitude to reach and access for gainful employment Nizer.
Students of Higher Secondary Schools & Dropout adolescents who are residing nearby selected Higher Secondary Schools.
Purpose of the Proposed Project:
The proposed project intended to be establishing career-counselling centres on pilot basis within selected senior secondary schools Eastern and Western Niger.
The services provided by career counselling centres are relevant to both young student and dropout women of nearby villages. These CCC will be Manned with trained career counsellor and equipped with necessary resource material related to various traditional and emerging careers areas. a Personal computer with Internet connection will also installed for retrieving and accessing Information about various training programmes and higher /vocational educational opportunities and websites of various institutions. A Library will be also maintained with career oriented books and career guidance guides. These CCC will also act as self employment guidance centres and Small Business Counselling Centres for men and women of nearby villages and focus on assisting them with career concerns.
Typically, career counselling interventions are most effective for individuals who have a degree of choice. When there is some choice but little consideration of career development issues, the information and frameworks provided in career counselling have positive and cost effective results. It must be noted however, that as economic development progresses, choice increases, and career counselling becomes crucial to long term progress. As the array of work and options widens, it becomes increasingly difficult for young people to understand and navigate a personal pathway through the array. Repeated empirical investigations in Western industrial and post-industrial societies show consistent, moderate positive outcomes for a variety of career interventions, including individual and group counselling, classroom interventions, workshops, and so on (Spokane, Oliver 1983). Effective utilisation of human resources, even in the absence of other resources in a developing nation can have beneficial effects on the efficiency and effectiveness of its labour force, the growth of its economy and the well-being of its inhabitants.
Perceived need – the rural / disadvantaged context
Findings from various research have indicated that the prevailing system of education combined with various social-cognitive variables prevent the poor from attempting to change the trajectory of their occupational lives. Investigations into career aspirations haveindicated that low SES young people and their families tend to limit their occupational aspirations to their social class. A home that is characterised by illiteracy and severe economic hardship may not possess the wherewithal to raise the eyes of the young within that family toward wider horizons. The pressure to earnpushes the low SES young person into the world of work as an unskilled labourer and thereby keeps himor her trapped to the cycle of poverty perpetuated by meagre earnings. Work and Education: Pointers for curriculum framework Low levels of self-efficacy seem to typify the lowSES young person’s orientation to career preparation. A work in education programme that systematically promotes self-efficacy could transform the self-view and the world-view of the disadvantaged young person. Arulmani,G & Nag-Arulmani (2004) Career Psychology and Career Counselling:
In the present competitive context only academic qualification single strategy cannot achieve the objectives of enhanced employability of an individual. Hence this Project is planned in a way with blend of strategies related to career counselling, improved access to occupational information and support services, Systemically designed Career counselling outreach services & Networking, creating a positive environment for helping target Population to bring about change in their knowledge level for better employment options.
This strategic implementation will be an integral part of the project that would seek to complement and facilitate employment and vocational skill training within the project with additional support from the Non Government Organizations (NGOs).
There is no specific work done in field of career counselling at school level in Nizer state. There is lot of work done in field of career counselling at school level in other parts of India especially in north eastern states. The following research in various aspects of career counselling has been done –
- Establishing Career counselling Centres in secondary schools.
- Organizing career counselling fairs on various employment options.
- Database creation of unemployed/dropouts youths of the project area.
- Creation of Career Resource Center at LRA.
The CITD will act as nodal Agency (Lead Resource Agency) for the implementation of this project. In Project area each secondary schools will identified as District Resource Agency (DRA). And which will be a centre point for coordinating all project activities In the District, the project team will work closely with DRA and identify the prospective areas of local entrepreneurships and local resource, all surrounding institution will be linked to DRA. At school level a Teacher will be identified for Counselling which will works as resource teacher for Counselling centre and will be given some honorarium he/she will be responsible for organizing activities in concern CCC.
CCC will be equipped with the Counselling aid material and Audio visual equpments and Computer with Internet connection.
While a local grassroots voluntary organization /NGO will be involve for community mobilization, survey of Dropout in nearby areas/villages and provide programme implementation support.
A Qualified and experinced carrier counsellor will be placed at DRA and which will provide support to identified Resource Teachers in Linked Schools.
A Baseline survey about knowledge about various career options will also be conducted at the initiation of project.
Field Outreach counselling will be also done one weekly basis to identified dropouts youth.