Probably there’s no other addiction that is as harmful as smoking. The ill effects of smoking are so many that any other addictions would fall short. Smoking harms not only the smoker but also the ones who live in and around him. The harms done to the environment are supplementary. The proposal’s objectives are to help children know and understand the dangers of smoking and the harmful effects of smoking on their bodies.
During the health education process, the children will be provided with the knowledge and information necessary about smoking. They will also be equipped with the social skills that enable them to resist the pressure to smoke, either from their peer group or society in general. At the end of the program, they will promote a healthy, smoke-free environment in communities and factories.
RATIONALE OF THE PROJECT
Children grow up in a much complex and difficult world today. And because of their trait of curiosity they tend to explore anything that seems to be new and attractive to them. As a result, unknowingly these innocent children fall into certain habits and impulses those are not congenial to their health in general.
This is the reason why juvenile delinquencies are increasing at a rapid rate in the present day. Today everything that was earlier not meant for the children are quite easily available. Children are also very much open to vices like pornography which is now just a few clicks away. They are open to all forms of addictions too. Though there are rules that bar the children from getting addicted to addictions still there are ways through which children can access these addictions.
Particularly children are quite vulnerable to the addiction of smoking in both the developed as well as the under developed nations. There are various reasons behind their attraction for the fag. Firstly, cigarette is comparatively cheaper than other available addictions, secondly it is easy to procure, and thirdly cigarettes are easy to hide. One can be discreet about smoking.
Probably there’s no other addiction that is as harmful as smoking. The ill effects of smoking are so many that any other addictions would fall short. Smoking not only harms the smoker but also the ones who live in and around him. The harms done to the environment are supplementary. But the thing with children is that they hide the fact that they smoke from their parents. And it’s only natural! Children are innocent no doubt but they are aware of the fact that a secret fag is not to be shared with the parents.
THE PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION
WHO reported that in 2008 there are 1,35 billion smokers and Indonesia in the third position of tenth Countries World’s Largest Smokers? There are 65 million smokers, or 28% of the population.
Smokers Statistics Indonesia
- Men = 24.1% of children / young men
- Female = 4.0% of children / young women
- Or 13.5% children / adolescents Indonesia
Statistics from the adult smokers
- Men = 63% male adult
- Female = 4.5% of adult women
- or 34% adult smokers
This is also happened in the children from destitute communities on xxxx. There are 2,437 children less than 18 years old from destitute communities become child labours and the most of them are active smokers. As the smoker they have tendency to ignore their nutrient, education, clothes, and health. The objectives of the program are to help children know and understand the dangers of smoking and the harmful effects of smoking to their bodies. During health education process, the children will be provided with the knowledge and information necessary in relation to smoking. They will be also equipped with the social skills that enable them to resist the pressure to smoke, either from their peer group, or from society in general. In the end of the program they will promote a healthy, smoke-free environment in communities and factories. The most important thing that the final achievement of the programs is 90% of the target groups will stop smoking, so they become the cadres of anti-smoking on their area. Based on focus groups’ discussion and personal’s discussion here are reasons of being smokers:
- They believe that they look more adult, sophisticated and cool.
- Helping them to jump head long into the next stage of life – adulthood.
- Sophistication is a way they present themselves. They fell enough and their power felt strong. In Indonesia, there is a saying » It will be better not to eat than not to smoke«
- Independence & Control
- Smoking helps them to break away from the control of parents.
- They are in the process of defining their own boundaries.
- The rituals around smoking offer a knowable, controllable element to a life that may sometimes feel a little out of control.
- To get a pack of cigarettes before going out for the evening seems to heighten the anticipation of the night.
- Smoking offers young people a common connection in awkward social situations.
- The social interaction itself may be controlled by how long it takes to smoke a cigarette.
- Peer bonding and the desire to fit in with friends.
- Cigarettes are often used to calm nerves and cope with stress.
- A cigarette break helps one sort out and gathers thoughts, to deal with boredom and to get ready for a social event
- To imitate the parents or older brothers or sisters who smoke.
- To imitate actors or models with appealing images in movies or magazines.
- Curiosity can appear from questions from soul of the children – why my parents smoke, why my friends smoke, why my brother smoke and the other »why«. From the »why«, the children want to get the answer by themselves – may be smoking is nice. Start from this manner the children try to smoke and being the time, they have become active smokers.
- There are 749 poor families with the income is under IDR 200,000 ($ USD 23.53) per-month. There are 2,838 persons work as farmers in dry land, 2,702 persons as small breeders, 241 persons as labours in construction and freelance labours, 75 small traders and handicraft. The economic condition in this village is lower; it is because the peoples on this village cannot cultivate their own natural resources.
- Based on local department of education found that 60% to 87, 78% children do not continue to school after graduating from elementary every year, for example; at Sidorahayu village there were 90 children that graduated from elementary school but 79 of them did not continue studying to junior high school, at Sukodadi village there were 82 children that graduated from elementary school but 69 of them did not continue studying to junior high school every year. Based on the government officer data in 2008, there are 2,437 children under 18 years old become child labours in various sector. In general, that the educational degree of the populations on xxxx is low.
- Based on The Department of Health data in 2008 on xxxx, there are cough 75 suffers, fever 83 suffers, gastritis 37 suffers, and hypertension 14 suffers every month.
The target groups are children under 18 years old with the criteria are as follows:
- They are living on xxxx district
- They are smokers and passive smokers
- They were dropped out from primary education.
- They are child labours at various sector and students.
- Discuss with the children about the dangers of smoking to the body by showing posters, leaflets and other Medias. Continual discussing about dangerous of smoking is very important, so that smoking should be avoided.
- It is important to set a good example by being a non-Smoker in the families. Research shows that children are less likely to smoke if their primary role models are non-Smokers.
- If your child is already smoking, try to avoid angry confrontations. Instead, a reasonable attempt ‘adult-to-adult’ conversational tone. Find out what they find appealing about cigarettes.
- Encourage the children to walk away from friends who don’t respect their reasons for not smoking. Explain how much smoking governs the daily life of kids who start doing it. How do they afford the cigarettes? How do they have money to pay for other things they want? How does it affect their friendships?
- Establish firm rules that exclude smoking from your house and explain why: Smokers smell bad, look bad, and feel bad, and it’s bad for everyone’s health.
- Encourage sport and physical activity for all family members. By doing sport, the children will not think about the curiosity of smoking.
- If there are adult Smokers in the house, make sure they keep their cigarettes where your child can not access them.
- Establish firm rules that exclude smoking from your house and explain why:
Smokers smell bad, look bad, and feel bad, and it’s bad for everyone’s health.