The rapid change of the climatic condition has a significant effect on both living and non living organisms in Tanzania and the world at large. Tanzania as a country is striving to fight against climate change and the effect associated with the change of climatic conditions for instances deforestation as a result of farming activities constitutes a large percent of climate change in Tanzania, most farmers are cutting thousands of trees per year without the planning of replacement/reforestation. This proposed proposal aims to improve the well-being of individuals as well as the country as a whole by creating long- and short-term solutions for restoring environmental condition of the country.
Tanzania is a result of the unification of Tanganyika (the mainland) and the Zanzibar islands. Tanganyika and Zanzibar united on 26th April 1964, forming the United Republic of Tanzania. Tanganyika became independent from the British in December 1961 and Zanzibar became free through a revolution on 12th January 1964.
Tanzania is the largest of all countries in East Africa and is bordered by the Indian Ocean. Once entirely bush and savanna, the landscape is now semidesert. The country is home to over 400 million wild animals, which include zebras, giraffes, lions, wildebeests, crocodiles, and giant turtles. In addition, Tanzania boasts the largest population of elephants that remain.
Tanzania as a country is striving to fight against climate change and the effect associated with the change of climatic conditions for instances deforestation as a result of farming activities constitutes a large percent of climate change in Tanzania, most farmers are cutting thousands of trees per year without the planning of replacement/reforestation.
This proposal is aiming at improving the welfare of the individual community and national at large by coming up with the solution both long term and short term in making Tanzania back to smile again.
More than 87% of the United Republic of Tanzania’s population of approximately more than 19 million people live in rural communities. These communities depend chiefly on fuelwood (including charcoal) as the principal energy source, accounting for about 96 percent of the total. More and more urban residents (especially those in the low-income brackets) are using fuelwood, particularly charcoal. More than 85 percent of residents in towns use charcoal alone or an “energy mix” with other energy sources (Nkonoki. 1981).
For instance, between 2010 and 2019, charcoal consumption in Dar-es-Salaam increased from more than 120-150 to 315 kg per person a year and is gradually increasing.
Thus, Tanzania is the second largest fuelwood user in Africa (after Nigeria), with a per caput consumption of about 2.5 m³ a year (Nkonoki, 2019). Like many other developing countries, it uses little commercial energy for cooking. The current fuelwood consumption is estimated at more than 35 million m³; it was expected to rise to about 62 million m³ by the year 2000 and by the year 2021 the consumption is growing higher. The natural forest formations, from which more than 98 percent of the wood is collected, can supply only about 19 million m³ without being detrimentally overcut. The growth of population is the critical factor for environmental deterioration hence climatic change.
To bridge this energy supply-demand gap, a massive amount of tree planting is needed. The natural forest is shrinking very fast, and most alternative energy sources have had no significant impact so far. Either they are physically and economically unavailable or their technology is still relatively new and more time is needed for further development.
The project is planning to fix these destructions by coming up with the solution of planting enough trees Countrywide for the sake of attracting the good climatic condition and minimizing the effect of global warming. It is also aiming at recovering the most affected areas including Mount Kilimanjaro which its glaciers are thinning from the top-down and so many regions that are becoming semidesert due to lack of enough vegetation to cover the soil.
Case Study Related to the Project
The rapid change of the climatic condition has a significant effect on both living and none living organisms in Tanzania and the world at large. For instances the nearby study done in the Mount Kilimanjaro shows that the snows of Kilimanjaro are rapidly disappearing and will be gone by 2060, predicts the most detailed analysis yet of the iconic glaciers gracing Africa’s highest peak.
In addition to shrinking in area, Kilimanjaro’s glaciers are thinning from the top-down, says Ohio State University’s Lonnie Thompson, lead author of the new study. “They’re being decapitated,” he says. “In fact, they’re probably not really glaciers anymore. They’re remnants of another climate.”
In 2020, Thompson and his team made the first modern measurements of Kilimanjaro’s ice. Thompson drilled cores from the three glaciers ringing the summit, estimating that the ice bodies date back at least 11,700 years. The team then anchored stakes in bedrock at the bottom of the drill holes and have since used the stakes to measure the thickness of the ice.
One of the small summit glaciers, called the Furtwängler, lost about half its thickness nearly five meters between February 2010 and February 2019. At that rate, the 4.6-meter- thick Furtwängler will be gone in another decade, Thompson estimates. Other glaciers on Kilimanjaro will survive longer, but they too will disappear between 2030 and 2060.
Kilimanjaro’s glaciers seem to be shrinking at an ever-faster rate.
The project will aim at sustaining and recovering the broken part that has been destructed as a result of deforestation from human activities and natural calamities.
The stipulated planning for the exercising of the project will be the growth of the trees until they’re attached with the soil so as to make sure no tree is lost in between from the first day of planting to the date of handing over to the respective authority. Once conditions are favorable (usually from October to December or from March to June), the trees are planted.
The trees will be planted as per the given schedule of requirements table 1, 2, and 3 whereby there will be the need of assessment before implementing a project, the result will be based on the nature of the climate of a particular region, the tree type which is growing and adopting faster and the soil textures.
The project will aim to have sustainable planning of planting a fast-growing tree that will take between one (1) to two (2) years to become mature. The types of trees that the project will be focusing on are: –
- Lavofia Caffra
- Albizia Schimperiana
- Croton Megalocapus
- Makhamea Lutea
- Pinus Patula
- Cypress Lusitanica
- Podocarpus Usambariansis
- Croton Microsachers
- East African Camphorwood
The above trees will be planted interchangeably depending on the nature of the climatic condition of a particular region compared to the adaptability of a required tree species to the area. The mentioned trees have got different characters that make the best-recommended trees to be planted, especially in African Countries, as they have the ability to adapt and grow fast regardless of the climatic condition of the area. The trees can grow even in an area that has a high temperatures and can also sustain to the area that has a low tendency of rainfall per year.
Composition of the Organization
The project has been implemented to numerous areas around Arusha region in partnership with several non-government Organization that in large percent succeeded to reach in most critical areas that seems having more demand of trees, our organization also participated in trees planting around Mount Kilimanjaro with the project introduced by XXXXXXXX for the sake of replanting trees around Mount Kilimanjaro that recent faced with the bush fire that causes the trees burnt hence side effect to the mountain.
The implementing organization is composed with project manager who oversees the general performance of the organization by making sure the organization attaining its target. The project manager is responsible for the day-to-day operation by making sure project supervisors and foremen are performing as per the agreed time frame.