The main problem of the project communities is poor health of the people. In the absence of potable water supply and sanitation facilities in the identified project communities, the rate of death associated with the ten most common diseases, which are preventable has increased steadily in the last 5 years.
Infant mortality rate is presently high. Seven 7 out of every Ten 10 deaths result from diseases such as Malaria, Severe Diarrhea and Upper Respiratory Tract infection. The high rate of deaths associated with these preventable diseases is now a major concern to all stakeholders in the District.
“Poor Health” in this context means; Heaps of refuse seen in project communities, faecal matter of both humans and animals can be seen around, Animals and humans use the same source of water from streams and ponds, there are Malnourished Children seen in all the project communities. Low awareness about these problems, perceptions of the target population about the causes and their effects on the live of the people still remains to be a major problem. Some cultural beliefs in some of the communities have been and continue to be a hindrance to the campaign to provide safe drinking water for the people in these communities. Notable among them is the beliefs that water from streams are “thicker” and tastier than that from pipe and wells with pumps. Some of the communities also have weird contention that water from streams has “carried” their ancestors from creation to the present generation and so they are reluctant to depart from them.
The following causes and effects were identified after the problem tree analysis with the participation of the project communities.
- Low awareness of good hygiene practices
- Poor Hygiene promotion
- Inadequate Sanitary inspectors
- Use of water from steams and pond sheared with animal for domestic use
- Inadequate Sanitation facilities
- Limited Mobility for Hygiene Promoters
- Inadequate planning for Hygiene promotion.
- Inadequate involvement of Private sector e.g. Partner Organizations.
- Poor Health of community
- Increased morbidity
- Increased community medical cost
- Increased water and sanitation related diseases and deaths. (e) High levels of poverty.
The major achievement expected from this project is to create access to good drinking water and sanitation facilities to 19.2% of the population in the district. And this achievement would go a long way to complement the efforts of the District Assembly and other organizations already working towards the provision of safe water, which is currently accessible to only 30.8% of the district total population.
ABCD will pursue the following strategies for the successful planning, implementation and management of safe water and improved sanitation facilities and services in the project communities.
- There will be community animation/ sensitization in all project communities where safe water and improved sanitation services are to be provided prior to and after provision.
- Ensure effective participation of all segments of community, especially women and minority groups where relevant, in decision-making relating to safe water and improved sanitation.
- Ensure full participation of all stakeholders in the provision of goods and services. They will be engaged to use their skills and professional expertise to provide extension services at community level by building the community capacity in operation and maintenance of facilities to be provided.
- Special focus on women, as users as well as planners, operators and managers of community level systems shall be ensured.
- Ensure mainstream gender issues in safe water and improved sanitation delivery in the entire project communities.
- Integrate hygiene promotion (personal hygiene and environmental cleanliness) in safe water and improved sanitation provision.
- Each Community to show their demand for the improved services will make 5% financial contribution of the capital costs for the service to be provided.
- Each Community will be responsible to own, manage and maintain the facilities provided to ensure sustainability.
- Ensure the formation of gender balanced Water and Sanitation Committees (WATSAN) at the community level for the planning, implementation, operation and maintenance of facilities provided.
The focus of ABCD is to provide good drinking water for the people in project communities and ensure environmental sanitation in a bid to reduce diseases and promote the local economy, which will enhance standards of living.
Training of pump caretakers and latrine artisans, WATSAN, supply of water and sanitation spare parts and capacity building, which require the active participation of private sector, other NGO’S and DWST of the District assembly shall fully be pursued. It is also hoped that environmental sanitation and good sanitation practices would be put in place.
A strong Monitoring and Evaluation Team would be established to ensure effective Monitoring and Evaluation of the initiated project. With the active participation of the various communities and stakeholders in the project preparation plan, its successful implementation is anticipated.
Project Goals and Objectives
ABCD has the following as the main goals and objectives of this project:
Goal Short-Term: Is to improve access to potable water and sanitation facilities to identified project communities.
Goal Long-Term: Maximize Health benefits of the people and reduce poverty level in the project communities.
- To form and train 16 Xxxxxxx to operate and maintain both water and toilets in their communities within 12 months.
- To construct 20 Hand Dug Wells for 16 selected communities within 12 months.
- To Build 4 KVIP Toilet of 4-seater capacity for 4 Primary school selected within 12 months.
- Increase awareness on personal hygiene and environmental cleanliness including HIV/AIDS to the 5000 people of our project communities within 12 months.
Project Expected Results
Expected Outcomes are:
- Improved quality life.
- Morbidity reduced.
- Less medical expenses of the people in the project communities.
- Reduced water and sanitation related diseases.
- Awareness of good hygiene practices increased.
- Effective and efficient hygiene promotion adopted.
- Adequate number of trained hygiene promoters available.
- Appropriate hygiene promotion materials developed.
- Adequate number of latrines available for schools and communities’ use.
- Adequate source of portable water available to the communities.
- Poverty level of the people reduced.
Physical Output Expected
- 20 Hand Dug Wells constructed for 16 communities.
- 4 KVIP Toilets of 4-seater capacity constructed for 4 schools selected.